For example, basic research has show

Apps, trucs, astuces

For example, basic research has show

Messagepar missdior » 14 Mai 2018, 05:49

ANKARA Women's Kentrell Brice Jersey , March 2 (Xinhua) -- Turkish Energy Minister Taner Yildiz said here on Monday that his country will search for oil near Mount Qandil, a base for the outlawed Kurdish Workers' Party (PKK) militants in northern Iraq.

Turkey owns oil blocks it wants to explore in the foothills of the Qandil mountain Women's Dean Lowry Jersey , as part of its agreements with Baghdad and contracts with the Kurdish regional government in northern Iraq, Yildiz told reporters in the Turkish capital.

"We'll launch drilling in Hindirin and Coman fields Women's Kyle Murphy Jersey ," he stated, adding that Turkey's peace talks with the PKK would bring new working areas in the energy sector.

The government-promoted talks with jailed leader of the PKK Women's Jahri Evans Jersey , Abdullah Ocalan, were launched in October 2012 to end a three-decade Kurdish insurgency and to disarm the group.

Last week Women's Davon House Jersey , Ocalan called on the his followers to convene a congress to discuss disarmament of the group following an agreement with the government which pledges to enhance democratic rights of the Kurds in the country.

The PKK is listed as a terrorist organization by Turkey, the United States and the European Union.

The 30-year conflict between the PKK and the Turkish government has claimed the lives of some 40 Women's Martellus Bennett Jersey ,000 people so far. The armed wing of the group is based in Qandil mountains in northern Iraq.

BEIJING, July 19 (Xinhua) -- The arbitration over the South China Sea dispute unilaterally initiated by the former Philippine government is in fact a celebration among rogue arbitrators, who have hidden their selfish motives under the guise of the rule of law.

In 2013, the Aquino III administration brought an arbitration case over its South China Sea dispute with China, prompting a five-member ad hoc arbitral tribunal.

By doing so, the Philippines violated its standing agreement with China to settle the their disputes through bilateral negotiation. The country also violated China's right to decide its own means of settling a dispute as a State Party to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS).

Last Tuesday, the tribunal issued a so-called final award, denying China's long-standing historic rights in the South China Sea.

The Chinese government said in a white paper that as the arbitration had no jurisdiction over this particular case, awards rendered by it are null and void and have no binding force.

"China's territorial sovereignty and maritime rights and interests in the South China Sea shall under no circumstances be affected by those awards. China does not accept or recognize those awards. China opposes and will never accept any claim or action based on those awards," it said.


Most of the members of the ad hoc tribunal were picked by Shunji Yanai, then president of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea and former Japanese ambassador to the United States.

Yanai presented a report to Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe that called for the lifting of a ban on Japan's ability to send its military abroad in a combat role, something that would run counter to its constitution.

Yanai's creation of the arbitral tribunal is believed to be biased as he initially picked Judge Chris Pinto of Sri Lanka -- whose wife is a Filipino -- as one of the tribunal's members.

Pinto was later replaced by Judge Thomas A. Mensah of Ghana, who pursued long-term studies in Britain and the United States.

The other four members are Judge Jean-Pierre Cot of France, Judge Stanislaw Pawlak of Poland, Professor Alfred Soons of the Netherlands and Judge Rudiger Wolfrum of Germany.

Four members have extensive experience in arbitration, among whom Mensah participated in five arbitration cases over maritime disputes and Wolfrum, three.

However, some members' stances in past cases are questionable as they have set the precedent of expanding tribunal jurisdiction at will and ignoring sovereignty issues.

Wolfrum, who was designated by Manila in the South China Sea arbitration case, participated in an arbitration case over the Chagos Archipelago dispute between Britain and Mauritius from December 2010 to March 2015. He was an arbitrator designated by Mauritius in the case.

Britain maintained that the tribunal had no jurisdiction over the case as it touched upon sovereignty issues. But Wolfrum, along with other arbitrators, rejected Britain's appeal.

When the Netherlands sued Russia after the latter's navy boarded and detained the crew of a Dutch vessel in waters off the Russian coast in 2013, Moscow asserted that the court had no jurisdiction in the matter and refused to participate in the hearings.

Wolfrum, who was not an arbitrator in the Russian case, released an opinion with another judge, in which they strongly criticized Russia's stance.

International law experts say that the long-standing opinion that an arbitrator holds on some kind of dispute may influence his or her judgement in other cases, prompting him or her to make a presumptive decision and affecting the impartiality of arbitration.

Shunji Yanai knows this all too well. He also knows that he can easily create a tribunal biased against China by choosing some arbitrators who are more inclined to ignore sovereignty issues.

Of course, biased arbitrators are not enough. The role of the United States as global policeman was key.

Evidence shows that the United States has long been instigating and manipulating the Philippines to act on a so-called legal front.

Experts point out that without the careful planning of the Untied States, the Philippines alone would not have been able to file the arbitration case.

The U.S. legal team not only appeared before the ad hoc tribunal, but also took charge of the drafting of the several-thousand page legal document.

But the most important merit of the legal team, said the experts, is its inextricable connection with th. Cheap Bulls Jerseys Cheap Bucks Jerseys Cheap Thunder Jerseys Cheap Washington Wizards Jerseys Cheap Warriors Jerseys Wholesale Suns Jerseys Wholesale San Antonio Spurs Jerseys Wholesale Sacramento Kings Jerseys Wholesale Raptors Jerseys Wholesale Pelicans Jerseys
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